Effects of Uniaxial Pressure on Polar Whispering Gallery Modes in Microspheres
Journal of Applied Physics
We investigate the detuning of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) in solid polystyrene microspheres (PM) as a function of axisymmetric stress applied to two antipodal points of the microsphere we call poles. We specifically investigate WGMs passing close to these poles, so-called polar WGMs. The applied uniaxial pressure reduces the geometrical circumference of the PM but also increases locally the refractive index at the flattened poles. Our experiments show that the WGMs shift to higher frequencies with increasing pressure and that the magnitude of the strain-induced shift depends on the radial mode number n. Furthermore an energy splitting between azimuthal modes linearly increasing with the pressure is observed. A theoretical model based on a classical ray optics approach is presented which reproduces the main results of our experimental observations.
Wagner, H. P., Schmitzer, H., Lutti, J., Borri, P., & Langbein, W. (2013). Effects of uniaxial pressure on polar whispering gallery modes in microspheres. Journal of Applied Physics, 113(24), 243101-243111.
Schmitzer, H.; Wagner, H. P.; and Lutti, J., "Effects of Uniaxial Pressure on Polar Whispering Gallery Modes in Microspheres" (2013). Faculty Scholarship. 43.