The twenty-seventh meeting was held September 23-24, 2011, at Xavier University. We extended our study of the history of modern algebra by turning to the work that started it all: Evariste Galois' Mémoire sur les conditions de résolubilité des équations par radicaux, written days before his too-early death in 1831 (pub. posthumously by Joseph Liouville in his Journal de mathématiques pure et appliquées, 1846, pp. 417-433). An English translation appears as an appendix in Harold M. Edwards' Galois Theory (Springer, 1984).