The Effects of Visual Information and Perceptual Style on Static and Dynamic Balance
This study investigated the influence of visual cues and perceptual style on static and dynamic balance performance. Twenty-five field dependent (FD) and twentyfive field independent (FI) participants performed tests of static and dynamic balance under five different vision conditions. Balance performance was measured using the Biodex Balance System. The vision conditions included: eyes open with visual feedback (EOFB), without visual feedback (EOEC), viewing lines tilted 18° (EOTL), eyes open without any visual cues (EONC), and eyes closed (EC). All participants were more stable when visual cues were present. Results revealed no significant difference between the two groups on the static balance task in any of the vision conditions. A significant difference was found between the two groups on the dynamic balance task. In three of the vision conditions (EOFB, EOEC, EOTL), the FI group was found to be more stable than the FD group. Movement of the body required during a dynamic balance task generates vestibular and somatosensory information which FI individuals may be more efficient in translating into greater stability as compared with FD individuals.
Davlin-Pater C. The Effects of Visual Information and Perceptual Style on Static and Dynamic Balance. Motor Control [serial online]. July 2010;14(3):362
Davlin-Pater, Chritina, "The Effects of Visual Information and Perceptual Style on Static and Dynamic Balance" (2010). Faculty Scholarship. Paper 10.