Title

Impact of Technology and Physical Capital on Export Quality

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Developing Areas

ISSN

0022037X

Volume

44

Issue

1

First Page

167

185

Publication Date

10-1-2010

Abstract

This paper examines why different countries export different qualities of products. While previous studies have attributed quality differences to differences in physical capital endowments, there is a dearth of empirical work focusing on the effect of technology on the quality of exports. Using data on U.S. imports from 58 countries, we analyze the impact oftechnology and physical capital on quality. Our findings suggest that theexport of high quality differentiated goods is associated with research and development (R&D) activities and foreign direct investment (FDI). However, physical capital has no effect on quality in thetechnology-intensive machinery industry. These results imply that if countries are interested in increasing the quality of the goods they export, they might consider implementing policies that promote R&D activities or attract FDI.